Exercise: BMI and alcohol consumption in the 2005 questionnaire

The following graph shows weight and height for the adult respondents to the 2005 M.Sc. questionnaire:

Question 2. What would you guess the correlation coefficient to be for this graph?

Body mass index, also known as BMI, the ponderal index, and Quetelet's index, is said to be independent of height. The following graph shows BMI, calculated as weight in kilogrammes divided by height in metres squared, and height:

BMI is clearly much less dependent on height than is weight, so we will use it as a measure of the subject's bulk. The following graph shows the relationship between BMI and weekly alcohol consumption:

Instead, we could try linear regression. The following graph shows the linear regression of BMI on alcohol consumption:

The regression equation is

BMI = 23.9 + 0.074 × alcohol per week

The following graphs show a histogram and a Normal plot for the residuals about this regression line:

The following graph show a plot of the residuals againt height:

The 95% confidence interval for the slope is 0.008 to 0.141 Kg/m2 per unit of alcohol per week and the P value = 0.028.

Question 8: What could we conclude from the confidence interval and P value?

Question 9: What other variable might have an influence on this relationship?