Wolfgang Banzhaf, Bert Baumgaertner, Guillaume Beslon, René Doursat, James A. Foster, Barry McMullin, Vinicius Veloso de Melo, Thomas Miconi, Lee Spector, Susan Stepney, Roger White.
Defining and Simulating Open-Ended Novelty: Requirements, Guidelines, and Challenges

Theory in Biosciences, 135(3):131-161, 2016


The open-endedness of a system is often defined as a continual production of novelty. Here we pin down this concept more fully by defining several types of novelty that a system may exhibit, classified as variation, innovation, and emergence. We then provide a meta-model for including levels of structure in a system's model. From there, we define an architecture suitable for building simulations of open-ended novelty-generating systems and discuss how previously proposed systems fit into this framework. We discuss the design principles applicable to those systems and close with some challenges for the community.

  author = "Wolfgang Banzhaf and Bert Baumgaertner and Guillaume Beslon and René Doursat
            and James A. Foster and Barry McMullin and Vinicius Veloso {de Melo} and Thomas Miconi
            and Lee Spector and Susan Stepney and Roger White",
  title = "Defining and Simulating Open-Ended Novelty: Requirements, Guidelines, and Challenges",
  journal = "Theory in Biosciences",
  volume = 135,
  number = 3,
  pages = "131-161",
  doi = "10.1007/s12064-016-0229-7",
  year = 2016