Nominative NPs, on the other hand, are always identified by case, at least at the phrasal level, because, as in the PPCME2, subjects in the YCOE have special status. Every complete finite clause has a subject (overt or empty), and it is always possible to distinguish the subject argument from all others.
The summary in the YCOE Lite manual of our system of case-labelling will be sufficient for most investigations. If, however, case is crucial to the investigation, then the detailed explanation in the POS Manual should be consulted.
(PP (P swa) (CP-ADV (C +t+at) (IP-SUB ...)))In the YCOE all such clauses are headed by CP-ADV and the preposition is incuded in the CP. This change was introduced purely for ease of searching and has no theoretical import. It makes it possible to access the preposition without searching outside the CP. See the Reference Manual Adverbial clauses headed by a preposition.
(CP-ADV (P swa) (C +t+at) (IP-SUB ...))
(CP-THT (C +t+at) (IP-SUB (IP-SUB (...)) (CONJP (CONJ and) (IP-SUB-CON (...)))))