Penelope Faulkner, Mihail Krastev, Angelika Sebald, Susan Stepney.
Sub-Symbolic Artificial Chemistries.

in Susan Stepney, Andrew Adamatzky, eds, Inspired by Nature, pp.287-322, Springer, 2018


We wish to use Artificial Chemistries to build and investigate open-ended systems. As such, we wish to minimise the number of explicit rules and properties needed. We describe here the concept of sub-symbolic Artificial Chemistries (ssAChems), where reaction properties are emergent properties of the internal structure and dynamics of the component particles. We define the components of a ssAChem, and illustrate it with two examples: RBN-world, where the particles are Random Boolean Networks, the emergent properties come from the dynamics on an attractor cycle, and composition is through rewiring the components to form a larger RBN; and SMAC, where the particles are Hermitian matrices, the emergent properties are eigenvalues and eigenvectors, and composition is through the non-associative Jordan product. We conclude with some ssAChem design guidelines.

  author = "Penelope Faulkner and Mihail Krastev and Angelika Sebald and Susan Stepney",
  title = "Sub-Symbolic Artificial Chemistries",
  pages = "287-322",          
  crossref = "JFM-festschrift-2018"

  editor = "Susan Stepney and Andrew Adamatzky",
  title = "Inspired by Nature",
  booktitle = "Inspired by Nature",
  publisher = "Springer",
  year = 2018