Statistical and Methodological Papers by J. M. Bland


Books

Bland M. (1987) An Introduction to Medical Statistics Oxford University Press, Oxford. (Reprinted 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, English Language Book Service edition for developing countries 1989.)

Altman DG, Bland JM. (1991) The analysis of blood pressure data. In O'Brien E, O'Malley K, eds., Blood pressure measurement Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1992) The statistical analysis of Doppler ultrasound studies. In Pearce JM, ed., Doppler Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Oxford University Press.

Bland M. (1995) An Introduction to Medical Statistics, Second Edition Oxford University Press, Oxford. (English Language Book Service edition for developing countries 1995.)

Bland M. (2000) An Introduction to Medical Statistics, Arabic Edition Arab Center for Arabization, Translation, Authorship and Publication (ACATAP), Damascus.

Bland M. (2000) An Introduction to Medical Statistics, Third Edition Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Bland M and Peacock JL. (2000) Statistical Questions in Evidence-based Medicine Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Bland JM. (2005) Medical statistics - an overview (p215-218), Clinical - v - statistical significance (p58), Confidence intervals (p70-72), Correlation (p78-80), Sampling distributions (308), Teaching medical statistics (349-350), in Everitt B and Palmer C, eds. The Encyclopaedic Companion to Medical Statistics, Hodder Arnold, London.

Bland M. (2005) Forward to Peat J, Barton B. Medical Statistics: a guide to data analysis and critical appraisal BMJ Books, Oxford.

Bland M. (2006) Forward to Peacock J, Kerry S. Presenting Medical Statistics from Proposal to Publication: A Step-by-step Guide Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Thompson C and Bland M. (2009) Probability: the language of uncertainty. in Thompson C and Dowding D, eds. Essential Decision Making and Clinical Judgement for Nurses. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

Bland JM. Medical statistics - an overview (p277-280); Clinical - v - statistical significance (p74-75); Confidence intervals (p92-95); Correlation (p102-104); Sampling distributions (407-408); Teaching medical statistics (459-461). In Everitt B and Palmer C, eds. The Encyclopaedic Companion to Medical Statistics, Second Edition, Wiley, Chichester, 2011.

Bland JM, Allgar V. Epidemiology and evidence-based medicine. Chapter 20 in Jolly E, Fry A, Chaudhry A (eds). Training in Medicine. Oxford University Press, 2016.

Bland M. Errors of Measurement: Regression Toward the Mean. In Allen M (ed) The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods (Four-Volume Set). Sage, Los Angeles.

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Papers

Altman DG, Bland JM. (1983) Measurement in medicine: the analysis of method comparison studies. The Statistician 32, 307-317. (PDF file only.)

Bland JM. (1984) Using a microcomputer as a visual aid in the teaching of statistics. The Statistician 33, 253-259.

Bland JM, Jones DR, Bennett S, Cook DG, Haines AP, Macfarlane AJ. (1985) Is the clinical trial evidence about new drugs statistically adequate? British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 19, 155-160.

Bland JM. (1985) Computer simulation used to illustrate two statistical principles. Teaching Statistics 7(3), 74-78.

Bland JM. (1986) Computer simulation of a clinical trial as an aid to teaching the concept of statistical significance. Statistics in Medicine 5, 193-197.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1986) Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet i, 307-310.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1987) Caveat Doctor: a grim tale of medical statistics textbooks. British Medical Journal 295, 979.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1987) Statistical methods for assessing agreement between measurements. Biochimica clinica 11, 399-404. (Reprinted from the Lancet.)

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1988) Misleading Statistics: errors in textbooks, software and manuals. International Journal of Epidemiology 17, 201-203.

Bland JM, Peacock JL, Anderson HR, Brooke OG, De Curtis M. (1990) The adjustment of birthweight for very early gestational ages: two related problems in statistical analysis. Applied Statistics 39, 229-240.

Bland JM, Altman DG, Royston, P. (1990) Statisticians in medical schools. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London 24, 85-86.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1990) A note on the use of the intraclass correlation coefficient in the evaluation of agreement between two methods of measurement. Computers in Biology and Medicine 20, 337-340.

Altman DG, Bland JM. (1991) Improving doctors' understanding of statistics (with discussion and reply). Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A 154, 223-267.

Working Party on Statistics in Drug Regulation. (1991) Statistics and statisticians in drug regulation in the United Kingdom. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A 154, 413-419.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1992) This week's citation classic: Comparing methods of clinical measurement. Current Contents CM20(40) Oct 5, 8.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1995) Comparing methods of measurement: why plotting difference against standard method is misleading. Lancet 346, 1085-7.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1995) Comparing two methods of clinical measurement: a personal history. International Journal of Epidemiology, 24 (Suppl), S7-S14.

Bland JM. (1997) Statistics in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and Reproductive Biology 75, 99-102.

Kerry SM, Bland JM. (1998) Trials which randomize practices 1: how should they be analysed? Family Practice 15, 80-83.

Kerry SM, Bland JM. (1998) Trials which randomize practices 2: sample size. Family Practice 15, 84-87.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (1999) Measuring agreement in method comparison studies. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 8, 135-160.

Bland JM. (2000) Sample size in guidelines trials. Family Practice 17, S17-S20.

Kerry SM and Bland JM. (2001) Unequal cluster sizes for trials in English and Welsh general practice: implications for sample size calculations. Statistics in Medicine 20, 377-390.

Altman DG and Bland JM. (2002) Commentary on quantifying agreement between two methods of measurement. Clinical Chemistry 48, 801-2.

Bland M and Peacock J. (2002) Interpreting statistics with confidence. The Obstetrician and Gynaecologist 4, 176-180.

Sismanidis C, Bland M, Poloniecki J. (2003) Properties of the cumulative risk-adjusted mortality (CRAM) chart, including the number of deaths before a doubling of the death rate is detected. Medical Decision Making23, 242-251.

Bland JM and Altman DG. (2003) Applying the Right Statistics: Analyses of Measurement Studies. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 22, 85-93.

Poloniecki J, Sismanidis C, Bland M, Jones P. (2004) Retrospective cohort study of false alarm rates associated with a series of heart operations: the case for hospital mortality monitoring groups. British Medical Journal 328, 375-359.

Bland JM. (2004) Cluster randomised trials in the medical literature: two bibliometric surveys. BMC Medical Research Methodology 4, 21.

Bland JM. (2004) Teaching statistics to medical students using problem-based learning: the Australian experience. BMC Medical Education 4, 31.

Hewitt C, Hahn S, Torgerson DJ, Watson J, Bland JM. (2005) Adequacy and reporting of allocation concealment: review of recent trials published in four general medical journals. British Medical Journal 330, 1057-1058.

Bland M. (2005) The Horizon homeopathic dilution experiment. Significance 2, 106-109.

Bland M, Altman D. (2005) Do the left-handed die young? Significance 2, 166-170.

Bland JM, Altman D. (2007) Agreement between methods of measurement with multiple observations per individual. Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics 17, 571 – 582.

Bland, M. (2007) Risedronate, the BBC and me. Significance 4, 175-178.

Preference Collaborative Review Group. (2008) Patients’ preferences within randomised trials: systematic review and patient level meta-analysis. British Medical Journal 337, a1864.

Bland JM. (2009) The tyranny of power: is there a better way to calculate sample size? British Medical Journal 339: b3985.

Bland M. (2009) Keep young and beautiful: evidence for an "anti-aging" product? Significance 6: 182-183.

Hundley V,Cheyne H, Bland JM, Styles M, Barnett CA. (2010) So you want to conduct a cluster randomized controlled trial? Lessons from a national cluster trial of early labour. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16: 632–638.

Bland JM, Altman DG. (2010) Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. International Journal of Nursing Studies 47: 931-936.
(Republication of Bland JM, Altman DG. (1986) Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet i, 307-310.)

Golder S, Loke YK, Bland M. (2010) Unpublished data can be of value in systematic reviews of adverse effects: methodological overview. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 63, 1071-1081.

Bland JM. The analysis of cluster-randomised trials in education. Effective Education 2010; 2: 165 – 180.

Golder S, Loke YK, Bland M. (2011) Meta-analyses of adverse effects data derived from randomised controlled trials as compared to observational studies: methodological overview. PLoS Med 8(5): e1001026. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001026.

Bland JM. Comments on ‘Multivariate meta-analysis: Potential and promise’ by Jackson et al., Statistics in Medicine. Statistics in Medicine 2011; 30: 2502-3.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Comparisons against baseline within randomised groups are often used and can be highly misleading. BMC Trials 2011; 12: 264.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Agreed Statistics: Measurement Method Comparison. Anesthesiology: 2012; 116: 182–185.

Bath, PMW; Lees, KR; Schellinger, PD; Altman, H; Bland, M; Hogg, C; Howard, G; Saver, JL. Statistical analysis of the primary outcome in acute stroke trials. Stroke 2012; 43: 1171-1178.

Riley RD, Kauser I, Bland M, Thijs L, Staessen JA, Wang J, Gueyffier F, Deeks JJ. Meta-analysis of randomised trials with a continuous outcome according to baseline imbalance and availability of individual participant data. Statistics in Medicine 2013, 32: 2747–2766.

Bland M. Do baseline P-values follow a Uniform distribution in randomised trials? PLoS ONE 2013; 8(10): e76010.

Bland M. Uncertainty is in the blood. Equipoise 2014; 6-7.
Warning: this is a really big file and you may have give it time to download before trying to scroll through.

Hodgson R, Allen R, Broderick E, Bland JM, Dumville JC, Ashby R, Bell-Syer S, Foxlee R, Hall J, Lamb K, Madden M, O’Meara S, Stubbs N, Cullum N. Funding source and the quality of reports of chronic wounds trials: 2004 to 2011. Trials 2014; 15: 19.

Bland M. Health freaks on trial: Duct tape, bull semen and the call of television. Significance 2014; 11(2): 32-35.

Bland M. Estimating Mean and Standard Deviation from the Sample Size, Three Quartiles, Minimum, and Maximum. International Journal of Statistics in Medical Research, 2015: 4: 57-64.

Bland JM, Dumville JC, Ashby RL, Gabe R, Stubbs N, Adderley U, Kang'ombe AR, Cullum NA. Validation of the VEINES-QOL quality of life instrument in venous leg ulcers: repeatability and validity study embedded in a randomised clinical trial. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2015; 15: 85.

Martin F, Inoue E, Cortese ICM, de Almeida Kruschewsky R, Adonis A, Rios Grassi MF, Galvao-Castro B, Jacobson S, Yamano Y, Taylor GP, Bland M. Timed walk as primary outcome measure of treatment response in clinical trials for HTLV-1-associated myelopathy: a feasibility study. Pilot and Feasibility Studies (2015) 1:35.

Bland JM, Altman DG. Best (but oft forgotten) practices: testing for treatment effects in randomized trials by separate analyses of changes from baseline in each group is a misleading approach. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2015; 102: 991-994.

Bland M. Promiscuous publication. Significance 2015; 12(6): 40-41.

Hussain JA, White IR, Langan D, Johnson MJ, Currow DC, Torgerson DJ, Bland M. Missing data in randomized controlled trials testing palliative interventions pose a significant risk of bias and loss of power: a systematic review and meta-analyses. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2016; 74: 57–65.

Cook JA, Julious SA, Sones W, Rothwell JC, Ramsay CR, Hampson LV, Emsley R, Walters SJ, Hewitt C, Bland M, Fergusson DA, Berlin JA, Altman D, Vale LD. Choosing the target difference (‘effect size’) for a randomised controlled trial - DELTA2 guidance protocol. Trials 2017; 18: 271.

Bland M. Ask a statistician: Has life expectancy fallen? Significance 2017; 14(3): 8-9.

Hussain JA, Bland M, Langan D, Johnson MJ, Currow DC, White IR. Quality of missing data reporting and handling in palliative care trials demonstrates that further development of the CONSORT statement is required: a systematic review. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2017; 88: 81-91.

Altman DG, Bland JM. Assessing Agreement between Methods of Measurement. Clinical Chemistry 2017; 63: 1653-1654.


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Last updated: 26 October, 2017.

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