Adjectives and Adverbs (ADJ, ADV)

Comparative Adjectives and Adverbs (ADJR, ADVR)
Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs (ADJS, ADVS)
Ordinal numbers
Treatment of individual words
LITTLE (Adjective)
ANE/ONE (Adjective)
EVEN (Adverb)
PASSING (Adverb)
Table of Contents

The tags for adjectives and adverbs are, respectively, ADJ and ADV. See Sections COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS and SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS.

        for_CONJ she_PRO was_BED called_VAN a_D fair_ADJ lady_N 
        and_CONJ a_D passynge_ADV wyse_ADJ ,_.

        Thenne_ADV the_D peple_NS merveilled_VBD

Comparative Adjectives and Adverbs (ADJR, ADVR)

        ADJR    Comparative adjective
        ADVR    Comparative adverb

        Thenne_ADV quene_NPR Igrayne_NPR waxid_VBD dayly_ADV 
        gretter_ADJR and_CONJ gretter_ADJR ._.

        he_PRO lovithe_VBP Arthure_NPR bettir_ADVR than_P us_PRO ;_.

Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs (ADJS, ADVS)

        ADJS    Superlative adjective
        ADVS    Superlative adverb

        in_P the_D grettest_ADJS chirch_N of_P London_NPR

        and_CONJ than_ADV every_Q knyght_N toke_VBD the_D way_N 
        that_C hym_PRO lyked_VBD beste_ADVS ._.


MUCH, MORE, MOST, LESS, and LEAST are treated as quantifiers(see Sections MUCH (QUANTIFIER) and COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE QUANTIFIERS), except in the following cases:
  1. when following a determiner or possessive and preceding a noun; note that this does not include the comparative use, as in SHE LOVED HIM THE LESS, or, SHE WAS THE MORE MERRY, where either there is no word following the quantifier or it is not a noun, but does include cases where the noun has clearly been elided.
            a_D michel_ADJ lust_N
            fram_P +te_D michel_ADJ conseil_N of_P +te_D vntrew_ADJ
            and_CONJ +te_D more_ADJR fysches_NS swolwen_VBP 
            +te_D lesse_ADJR ;_.
            '_' and_CONJ I_PRO shall_MD ensure_VB you_PRO ye_PRO 
            shall_MD have_HV the_D more_ADJR worship_N than_P 
            ever_ADV ye_PRO had_HVD ._. '_'
            And_CONJ hem_PRO thinketh_VBP +tat_C the_D more_ADJR 
            peyne_N &_CONJ the_D more_ADJR tribulacioun_N +tat_C 
            +tei_PRO suffren_VBP for_P loue_N of_P here_PRO$ god_N ,_, 
            the_D _CODE more_ADJR ioye_N +tei_PRO schull_MD haue_HV 
            in_P another_D+OTHER world_N
  2. when used as the predicate with a copular verb or in a small clause
            for_CONJ he_PRO shal_MD ben_BE michel_ADJ bifore_P gode_NPR
            And_CONJ sum_Q men_NS maken_VBP hem_PRO more_ADJR
            and_CONJ maki+t_VBP his_PRO$ myracle_N more_ADJR
            Ne_NEG dowte_VBP we_PRO not_NEG how_WADV byleue_N 
            may_MD now_ADV be_BE lesse_ADJR and_CONJ now_ADV 
            be_BE more_ADJR
  3. occasionally when conjoined with an adjective
            and_CONJ bifore_P gode_NPR ben_BEP michel_ADJ and_CONJ mihti_ADJ
            that_C ony_Q sholde_MD be_BE accompted_VAN more_QR hardy_ADJ 
            or_CONJ more_ADJR of_P prouesse_N 

Ordinal numbers

Ordinal numbers are tagged ADJ.
        +te_D thrid_ADJ day_N of_P +tat_D solempnyte_N

        &_CONJ +t=e=_D elleueneth_ADJ assembled_VBD a_D 
        gret_ADJ power_N

        +t=e=_D firste_ADJ me_MAN callyd_VBD Lotryn_NPR ,_, 
        +t=e=_D secounde_ADJ Albanac_NPR ,_, &_CONJ +t=e=_D 
        thryd_ADJ kambyr_NPR ._.

FIRST may also be tagged ADV when used as a temporal adverb.
        So_ADV firste_ADV they_PRO put_VBD kynge_NPR Idres_NPR 
        in_P the_D cite_N of_P Nauntis_NPR

        for-as-miche_P+ADVR+Q as_P +tai_PRO were_BED of_P
        Engistes_NPR$ Kynrede_N ,_, +tat_C first_ADV hade_HVD 
        al_Q +te_D lande_N of_P Britain_NPR ;_.

In cases where an ordinal might be expected but there is no overt marking, NUM is used. See section CARDINAL NUMBERS EXCEPT ONE.
        The_D ij._NUM day_N hit_PRO schall_MD fall_VB downe_RP
        The_D appostle_N this_D declareth_VBP to_P the_D Hebreos_NPRS 
        the_D .ix._NUM chapytre_N ._. 

Treatment of individual words


ENOUGH is tagged ADJR if it modifies a noun, or stands alone, and ADVR if it modifies an adjective.
        wit_N inoch_ADJR
        sorwe_N ynow_ADJR
        +teowdom_N inoh_ADJR

        light_ADJ ynowgh_ADVR
        riche_ADJ ynowe_ADVR

        +gif_P he_PRO hadde_HVD ynow_ADJR bysyde_ADV


TOO is tagged ADV when it means AS WELL and ADVR in cases like TOO HAPPY and TOO MUCH CAKE.
        but_CONJ traveillynge_VAG men_NS are_BEP ofte_ADV wery_ADJ
        and_CONJ their_PRO$ horses_NS to_ADV ,_.
        he_PRO +geoue_VBP +te_PRO sunne_N &_CONJ +tu_PRO him_PRO 
        +ti_PRO$ saule_N &_CONJ ti_PRO$ bodi_N to_ADV mid_P al_Q ._, 
        to_P weane_N &_CONJ to_P wontrede_N world_N buten_P ende_N ._.

        to_ADVR many_Q

        to_ADVR muche_Q luue_N

        to_ADVR curious_ADJ

        to_ADVR deere_ADJ


SO (and variants SWA, SE, etc.) and AS (ALSWA, ALSE, ASE, etc.) in comparative or degree contexts are tagged ADVR, whether modifying adjectives, adverbs or quantifiers.
        so_ADVR symple_ADJ

        as_ADVR wood_ADJ as_P a_D lyoun_N

        as_ADVR often_ADV

        as_ADVR wel_ADV of_P man_N as_P of_P womman_N

        so_ADVR muche_Q pownsonynge_N of_P chisels_NS

        and_CONJ do_DOI good_N to_P as_ADVR manye_Q as_P
        +tu_PRO mi+gt_MD ._.

When separated, AL SWA is tagged al_Q swa_ADV, whether in modifying use, or introducing a matrix clause. AS SWA, on the other hand, is tagged as a separated word as_ADV21 swa_ADV22.
        Al_Q swa_ADV me_MAN mai_MD ,_, mang_P alles_Q kennes_NS liues_NS 
        menn_NS ,_, sume_Q gode_N and_CONJ sume_Q euele_N finden_VB ._.

        Al_Q swo_ADV he_PRO de+d_DOP +to_D men_NS +de_C sennen_NS 
        habbe+d_HVP forhaten_VBN te_TO laten_VB ,_,

        for_CONJ as_ADV21 swa_ADV22 as_P mon_N islein_VAN is_BEP 
        grislich_ADJ &_CONJ atelich_ADJ in_P monnes_N$ ech+ge_N 
        alswa_ADV is_BEP +te_D sunnefule_ADJ bifor_P godes_NPR$ 
        echnen_NS ._.


AS WELL AS is always treated as comparative, even when it has a more conjunctive than comparative feeling.
        Mooreover_ADV ,_, man_MAN oghte_MD to_TO sorwe_VB for_P 
        his_PRO$ wikkede_ADJ wordes_NS as_ADVR wel_ADV as_P 
        for_P his_PRO$ wikkede_ADJ dedes_NS ._.

        Yet_ADV comen_VBP ther_EX of_P Ire_N manye_Q mo_QR 
        synnes_NS ,_, as_ADVR wel_ADV in_P word_N as_P in_P 
        thoght_N and_CONJ in_P dede_N ;_,

LITTLE (Adjective)

LITTLE is tagged ADJ when it means SMALL. When it indicates an amount it is tagged Q; see Section LITTLE (QUANTIFIER).
        +dis_D little_ADJ writt_N

        be_P little_ADJ stechches_NS

        +te_D little_ADJ +tyeues_NS

        a_D litel_ADJ reste_N

        Wit_PRO moten_MD +giet_ADV a_D litel_ADJ swinken_VB

        &_CONJ do_DOI a_D littill_ADJ in_P thyn_PRO$ eghne_NS
        sume_Q deden_DOD to_ADVR litel_Q

        oc_CONJ sc+a_PRO hedde_HVD litel_Q blisse_N mid_P him_PRO

        +Tet_D w+as_BED for+ti_P+D +tet_C corn_N w+as_BED litel_Q

        they_PRO been_BEP but_FP litel_Q syb_N to_P yow_PRO ,_.

        a_D littill_Q wyn_N 

        a_D littill_Q gres_N


FIRST and LAST are tagged ADJ or ADV.
        the_D firste_ADJ coveitise_N

        The_D firste_ADJ is_BEP whan_P he_PRO putteth_VBP 
        othere_OTHER men_NS biforn_P hym_PRO ._.

        he_PRO shal_MD first_ADV biwaylen_VB The_D synnes_NS that_C 
        he_PRO hath_HVP doon_DON

        the_D last_ADJ gret_ADJ sorowe_N

        And_CONJ at_P the_D last_ADJ he_PRO enterde_VBD into_P a_D

        telle_VBI hym_PRO eek_ALSO alle_Q the_D synnes_NS that_C
        thow_PRO hast_HVP doon_DON syn_P thou_PRO were_BED last_ADV
        yshryven_VAN ;_.
        and_CONJ agyn_VBI to_P hem_PRO +tat_C comen_VBD last_ADV ._.

ANE/ONE (Adjective)

ONE in the meaning ALONE in a copular construction or small clause is tagged ADJ;
        +ter_ADV ha_PRO weren_BED ane_ADJ bi_P ham_PRO seolf_N

        $hu_WADV hise_PRO$ deciples_NS flu+gen_VBD alle_Q from_P 
        him_PRO &_CONJ leafden_VBD him_PRO ane_ADJ ._.


THEREFORE, THEROF etc. are tagged ADV+P in all readings. Note the change from PPCME1 where THEREFORE was sometimes treated as an adverb. See Section PREPOSITION WITH R-PRONOUN.


NEAR, NEARER, NEXT and NIGH are tagged as adjectives when they have a locative meaning. NIGH and NEAR are also used adverbially to mean NEARLY, in which case they are tagged ADV. NEXT in the meaning NEIGHBOUR is tagged N.
        But_CONJ thou_PRO arte_BEP more_QR nere_ADJ thy_PRO$ 
        deth_N than_P I_PRO am_BEP ,_.

        Kyng_NPR Edmunde_NPR went_VBD +to_ADV neir_ADJ

        for_CONJ hit_PRO ys_BEP nere_ADV nyght_N ._.

        kynge_NPR Idres_NPR </em>_CODE was_BED nere_ADV discomfited_VAN

        swich_SUCH shamefast_ADJ folk_N been_BEP next_ADJS foryevenesse_N

        +te_D man_N mai_MD be_BE god_NPR next_ADJS

        Luue_VBI +dine_PRO$ nexte_N al_Q swa_P +de_PRO seluen_N 


WORTH is tagged ADJ.
        For_CONJ unskylful_ADJ penance_N es_BEP litel_Q worth_ADJ ,_,

        for_CONJ the_D scawberde_N ys_BEP worth_ADJ ten_NUM of_P 
        the_D swerde_N


FAST as the predicate of a small clause (SHE MADE THE GATES FAST) and in phrases like FAST BY THE CASTLE is tagged ADJ. In other uses it is tagged ADV.
        and_CONJ made_VBD +t=e=_D +gates_NS fast_ADJ
        +tei_PRO founden_VBD fast_ADJ bysyde_P a_D coste_N of_P 
        +te_D see_N thre_NUM hundred_NUM men_NS of_P +te_D
        lynage_N &_CONJ kynrede_N of_P Troy_NPR

        &_CONJ fast_ADJ beside_P it_PRO is_BEP CAPHARNAUM_NPR ;_.

        &_CONJ faste_ADV they_PRO gunne_VBD to_TO fle_VB ._.

        and_CONJ +tise_D ij_NUM bre+terne_NS ,_, after_P here_PRO$
        fadres_N$ deth_N ,_, stryuen_VBD faste_ADV for_P +te_D lande_N ;_.

EVEN (Adverb)

EVEN is commonly used as a focus particle (see Section FOCUS PARTICLES), but there is a use which means CLOSE AT HAND and is tagged ADV not FP.
        as_P they_PRO com_VBD by_P an_D ermytage_N evyn_ADV by_P 
        a_D chyrcheyerde_N

PASSING (Adverb)

PASSING is tagged ADV when it means EXCEEDINGLY and in phrases like PASSING THREE THOUSAND.
        Than_ADV was_BED he_PRO passyng_ADV hevy_ADJ

        and_CONJ sir_NPR Percivale_NPR was_BED passynge_ADV glad_ADJ

        a_D passynge_ADV good_ADJ knyght_N

        passynge_ADV +tre_NUM +towsand_NUM of_P grootes_NS turonens_ADJ


LONG is always tagged ADJ even when used absolutely.
        for_CONJ I_PRO wille_MD not_NEG be_BE long_ADJ behynde_ADV

        he_PRO wille_MD not_NEG dwelle_VB long_ADJ


INWARD and OUTWARD are labelled ADJ when modifiying a noun (e.g. INWARD BEAUTY), but RP+WARD in other uses; see Section WARD.
         to_P good_ADJ inward_ADJ wysdom_N

         in_P alle_Q myn_PRO$ outward_ADJ doynges_NS